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Albany, Albany County, New York, USA


Albany is the capital of the State of New York and the county seat of Albany County. Albany is 136 miles (219 km) north of New York City, and slightly to the south of the confluence of the Mohawk and Hudson Rivers. The city has a population of 93,963 (July 2006 est.).

Albany has close ties with the nearby cities of Troy, Schenectady, and Saratoga Springs, forming a region called the Capital District. This area makes up the bulk of the Albany-Schenectady-Troy Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) with a population of 850,957, making it the fourth largest urban area in New York State, and the 56th largest MSA in the United States.

The Albany-Schenectady-Amsterdam, NY CSA, consists of the Albany-Schenectady-Troy MSA, the Glens Falls MSA, and the Amsterdam MSA. Using this definition, the area has a population (as of 2006) of 1,147,850, making it the third largest metropolitan area in New York State, and aside from New York City CSA, the only area that has shown any population growth. The Albany-Schenectady-Amsterdam, NY CSA is also the 36th largest in the nation.

Albany is built on the site of the Dutch Fort Orange and its surrounding community of Beverwyck. The English acquired the site from the Dutch in 1664 and renamed it Albany, in honor of James II, Duke of Albany. A 1686 document issued by Thomas Dongan granted Albany its official charter.

Today, the city is a center of government and education.


Albany is the fourth oldest city (behind Santa Fe, St. Augustine, and Jamestown) and the second oldest state capital (behind Santa Fe) in the United States. The original native settlement in the area was called Penpotawotnot. Its colonial history began when Englishman Henry Hudson, exploring for the Dutch East India Company on the Halve Maen (or Half Moon), reached the area in 1609. In 1614, the Dutch company constructed Fort Nassau, its first fur trading post near present-day Albany and left Jacob Eelkens in charge. Commencement of the fur trade provoked hostility from the French colony in Canada and amongst the native tribes, who vied to control the trade. In 1624, Fort Orange was established in the area. Both forts were named in honor of the Dutch House of Orange-Nassau. Nearby areas were incorporated as the village of Beverwyck in 1652.

When the land was taken by the English in 1664, the name was changed to Albany, in honor of the Duke of York and Albany, who later became King James II of England and James VII of Scotland. Duke of Albany was a Scottish title given since 1398, generally to a younger son of the King of Scots. The name is ultimately derived from Alba, the Gaelic name for Scotland. Albany was formally chartered as a municipality by Governor Thomas Dongan on July 22, 1686. The "Dongan Charter" was virtually identical in content to the charter awarded to New York City three months earlier. Pieter Schuyler was appointed first mayor of Albany the day the charter was signed.

In 1754, representatives of seven British North American colonies met in the Albany Congress. Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania presented the Albany Plan of Union, the first formal proposal to unite the colonies. Although it was never adopted by Parliament, it was an important precursor to the U.S. Constitution. Albany native Philip Livingston was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. William Alexander, a general in the Revolutionary War, died in Albany in 1783. Several US Navy ships have since been named USS Albany in honor of the City's historical and military importance.

In 1777, the state capital of New York was moved from Kingston to Albany, about 50 miles north. The State Capitol building was constructed between 1867 and 1899 and inspired by the Hôtel de Ville (City Hall) in Paris, France. Notable architectural features include its "Million Dollar Staircase."

Albany's location on the Hudson River made it a center of transportation from the outset. In 1807, Robert Fulton initiated a steamboat line from New York City to Albany. On October 26, 1825 the Erie Canal was completed, forming a continuous water route from the Great Lakes to New York City. The Mohawk and Hudson Railroad between Albany and Schenectady, New York opened on September 24, 1831 and subsequently became part of the New York Central Railroad. Erastus Corning, a noted industriaialist and founder of the New York Central, called Albany home and served as its mayor from 1834 to 1837. His great-grandson, Erastus Corning II, served as mayor of Albany from 1942 until 1983, the longest single mayoral term of any major city in the United States.

Between 1965 and 1978, the Empire State Plaza was constructed in Albany's Midtown, west of Downtown and south of the Capitol building. It was, and remains, controversial, in large part because it required the demolition of several historical neighborhoods and the forced removal of Jewish, Italian, Black, and Latino inhabitants. The Plaza was conceived by Governor Nelson Rockefeller and is now named in his honor. The Erastus Corning Tower stands 589 feet (180 meters) high and is the tallest building in New York State outside New York City. Four other smaller towers, the Legislative Office Building, the Cultural Education Center (which houses the State Library and Museum), the Justice Building, and the impressive performing arts center known as "The Egg" make up the rest of the Empire State Plaza. The design of the Empire State Plaza is based loosely on the National Congress complex in the Brazilian capital of Brasilia.

A number of north-south streets in Albany are named after birds (for instance, lark, dove, hawk, eagle, partridge, swan, etc.) At one point the east-west streets were named for animals, for instance- Lion (Washington Ave.), Fox (Sheridan Ave,), Deer (State Street west of Eagle), Wolf (Madison Ave.); the only ones to keep their animal names are Elk Street in the Sheridan Hollow neighborhood and Beaver Street downtown.

Modern day Albany consists of many neighborhoods with different characteristics.


As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 95,658 people, 40,709 households, and 18,400 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,474.6/sq mi (1,727.5/km².) There were 45,288 housing units at an average density of 2,118.4/sq mi (817.9/km².) The racial makeup of the city was 63.12% White, 28.14% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 3.26% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.15% from other races, and 2.98% from two or more races. 5.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 40,709 households out of which 22.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.3% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 54.8% were non-families. 41.9% of all housseholds were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.95. The median home value in Albany, NY, is $217,100. Home appreciation is 12.70% over the last year. The median age of Albany, NY, real estate is 63 years.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 19.3% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,375, and the median income for a family was $39,932. Males had a median income of $31,535 versus $27,112 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,340. About 16.0% of families and 21.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.8% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.

State/Province : Latitude: 42.65327817724606, Longitude: -73.75534057617188


Matches 1 to 35 of 35

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID 
1 Abeel, Magdalena  1657Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192110
2 van Blarcom, Eybetie Ida Lubbertse  1635Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192848
3 Breese, Lavina Wyntje  27 September 1775Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I667533
4 van Buren, Geertje Hendrickse  1664Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I679309
5 van Buren, Martin Cornelius  About 1638Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I679446
6 Conyn, Maryetje Leenderts  1653Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I181335
7 Durant, Frederick Clark  11 January 1853Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I187657
8 Fonda, Jellis Adam  1670Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I667513
9 Fonda, Nicholas  1678Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I667505
10 Groesbeck, Barbara  1657Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I610508
11 Groesbeck, Elizabeth  August 1707Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I258779
12 Groesbeck, Jacob Claessen  02 February 1648Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I89816
13 Groesbeck, Stephanus  1662Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I667476
14 Heemstraat, Grietje Takelse  Date unknownAlbany, Albany County, New York, USA I667526
15 Huyck, Andries A  06 February 1726Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I679424
16 van Kleeck, Johannes  About 1680Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192840
17 Lansing, Elizabeth  1679Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I667479
18 Livingston, Angelica  1698Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192118
19 Livingston, Catharina  August 1745Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I258781
20 Livingston, Gilbert  1690Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192031
21 Marselis, Annetje Groesbeck  30 June 1689Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I667504
22 Marselis, Gijsbert  1656Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I667501
23 van Rensselaer, Kiliaen  1663Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192127
24 van Rensselaer, Maria  1672Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192206
25 van Rensselaer, Stephen  March 1707Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I258778
26 van Rensselaer, Stephen  June 1742Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I258780
27 van Schaick, Jannetje Laurense  25 March 1705Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I679618
28 Schermerhorn, Arnout  07 November 1686Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I286499
29 Schermerhorn, Catalyntje  26 August 1683Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I679427
30 Schermerhorn, Jacob Jacobse  1662Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I679308
31 Schermerhorn, Simon  1658Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I286503
32 Schuyler, Alida  1656Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192038
33 Schuyler, Geertruy  1654Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192130
34 Schuyler, Peter  1657Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192202
35 Schuyler, Peter van Rensanlaer  04 July 1878Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I447926


Matches 1 to 7 of 7

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Baptised    Person ID 
1 Livingston, Angelica  17 July 1698Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192118
2 Livingston, Gilbert  03 March 1690Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192031
3 van Rensselaer, Kiliaen  August 1663Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192127
4 van Rensselaer, Maria  25 October 1672Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192206
5 Schuyler, Alida  28 February 1656Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192038
6 Schuyler, Geertruy  February 1654Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192130
7 Schuyler, Peter  17 September 1657Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192202


Matches 1 to 30 of 30

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Died    Person ID 
1 Adams, Jannetje  1694Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I667518
2 van Buren, Martin Cornelius  13 November 1703Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I679446
3 Conijn, Leendert Philipsen  Date unknownAlbany, Albany County, New York, USA I181333
4 Conyn, Maryetje Leenderts  07 January 1743Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I181335
5 van Cortlandt, Maria Oloffs  21 January 1689Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192126
6 Douwes, Hester  1690Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I667509
7 Fonda, Nicholas  1763Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I667505
8 Gansevorth, Hermann Harmens  23 January 1709Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I181332
9 Gerritse, Annatje  1702Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I667503
10 Groesbeck, Elizabeth  December 1756Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I258779
11 Groesbeck, Stephanus  17 July 1744Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I667476
12 Hoes, Hannah  05 February 1819Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I679626
13 Livingston, Catharina  April 1810Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I258781
14 Livingston, Robert  01 October 1728Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192037
15 Marselis, Annetje Groesbeck  05 September 1751Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I667504
16 Marselis, Gijsbert  1740Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I667501
17 Marselis, Janse  1700Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I667502
18 Quackenbush, Marritje  1697Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I679447
19 van Rensselaer, Nicholas  01 November 1678Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192137
20 van Rensselaer, Stephen  July 1747Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I258778
21 van Rensselaer, Stephen  19 October 1769Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I258780
22 Schermerhorn, Jacob Jacobse  20 June 1743Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I679308
23 Schuijler, Philip Pieterse  09 May 1683Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192131
24 Schuyler, Alida  27 March 1729Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192038
25 Schuyler, Peter  19 February 1724Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192202
26 van Slichtenhorst, Margarita  11 January 1711Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I192132
27 Stijnmetz, Agmietje Casparz  Date unknownAlbany, Albany County, New York, USA I181334
28 van Wenkum, Aeltje  Date unknownAlbany, Albany County, New York, USA I192134
29 Westerlo, Eilardus  26 December 1790Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I258777
30 Winne, Pieter  06 July 1684Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I667516


Matches 1 to 3 of 3

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Occupation    Person ID 
1 van Rensselaer, Stephen  Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I258778
2 van Rensselaer, Stephen  Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I258780
3 Westerlo, Eilardus  Between December 1760 and 1790Albany, Albany County, New York, USA I258777


Matches 1 to 19 of 19

   Family    Married    Family ID 
1 Conijn / Stijnmetz  1650Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F73938
2 Cortlandt / Schuyler  00 September 1671Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F76796
3 Fonda / Marselis  16 November 1716Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F254476
4 Fonda / Winne  11 December 1695Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F254479
5 Gansevorth / Conyn  1668Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F72408
6 Groesbeck / Lansing  16 July 1699Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F254469
7 Hoes / Quackenbush  04 February 1776Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F258752
8 Hoes / Schaick  20 April 1724Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F258748
9 Kleeck / Buys  1676Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F77059
10 Livingston / Schuyler  1679Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F76761
11 Marselis / Groesbeck  1683Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F254474
12 Rensselaer / Groesbeck  00 July 1729Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F102435
13 Rensselaer / Schuyler  10 February 1675Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F76800
14 Schermerhorn / Buren  1682Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F258665
15 Schuijler / Slichtenhorst  12 December 1650Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F76797
16 Schuyler / Rensselaer  14 September 1691Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F76828
17 Schuyler / Rensselaer  07 September 1755Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F76792
18 Westerlo / Livingston  00 July 1775Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F102437
19 Winne / Adams  1655Albany, Albany County, New York, USA F254480


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