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New London, New London County, Connecticut, USA



 


Notes:
New London is a seaport city and a port of entry on the northeast coast of the United States. It is located at the mouth of the Thames River in southeastern Connecticut.

New London was founded in 1646. It was a base of American naval operations during the Revolutionary War and was a major whaling port in the 19th century. The harbor at New London was at one time considered to be the best on Long Island Sound. The city is home to Connecticut College and the United States Coast Guard Academy. New London Harbor is home port to the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Chinook, the Coast Guard's tall ship Eagle.

The Norwich-New London metropolitan area (NECTA ) includes twenty-one towns and 266,618 people . The population of the city of New London is 26,174 .

New London has an interesting alternative and grassroots feel as well. "The Hygienic" features local art, while the Gardes Arts Theatre offers a variety of performances. Connecticut College (aka "Conn College") in northern New London offers a liberal arts education and is arguably one of the most artistic and outspoken college communities in the country. In addition, other parts of the downtown section cater to globally responsible citizens. For example, New London's Bean & Leaf cafe rroasts their own fair trade and organic coffe beans and offers a variety of fair trade teas and hot cocoa. Mangetout also offers a variety of organic goods. Moroever, Flavors of Life offers a variety of fair trade crafts, clothes, food, music annd art. It is also not uncommon for the New London tourist to witness one of the many peace rallies that occur frequently in the city, usually at the Soldier's Monument. New London has a quite visible Green Party, as well. Much of the emphasis on peace may be a result of a local reaction to the nearby Sub Base and Electric Boat, both in Groton.

New London also offers a comfortable and open-minded scene for its LGBT citizenry. O'Neill's Brass Rail is a "gay bar" that offers live music, karaoke, and drag queen shows.

History

Before English settlement, nearby tribal people called the site of New London by a name the English spelled "Nameaug". John Winthrop, Jr. led the first English to settle there in 1646, making it about the 13th modern Connecticut town settled bby colonists; they informally named it Pequot (from the name of a tribe). The Connecticut legislature wanted to name the town "Faire Harbour," but the citizens protested, declaring that they would prefer to be called Nameaug to Faire Harbour. The legislature relented and the city officially took its current name (after London, England) on March 10, 1658.

Prior to the Battle of Groton Heights, New London was burned by the loyalist Benedict Arnold in the attempts to destroy the colonial privateer fleet and storage of goods and naval stores within the city. The main defensive fort for New London, Fort Griswold, located across the Thames River in Groton, was well known by Arnold who sold its secrets to the British fleet so they could avoid its artillery fire.

Connecticut's independent legislature, in its January session of 1784, made New London one of the first two cities (along with New Haven) brought from de facto to formalized incorporations.

For several decades during the middle of the nineteenth century, New London was the second busiest whaling port after New Bedford, Massachusetts. The wealth that whaling brought into the city furnished the capital to fund much of the city's present architecture

The family of Nobel and Pulitzer-Prize playwright Eugene O'Neill, and most of his own first 26 years, were intimately connected to New London. He lived for years there, and as an adult was employed and wrote his first seven or eight plays in the city. (A major O'Neill archive is located at Connecticut College there, and a family home there is a museum and Registered National Landmark operated by the O'Neill Theater Center.)

On February 22, 2005, the United States Supreme Court decided in Kelo v. City of New London, that the city may seize privately owned real property under eminent domain so that it could be used for private economic development, deciding the tax revenue from the private development satisfied the requirement for public interest for eminent domain.

Image:State Street, New London, CT.jpg

State Street in c. 1920

Towns created from New London

New London originally had a larger extent when it was first established as a town. Several towns have since been created from New London as indicated below.

* Groton in 1705

o Ledyard (originally North Groton) created from Groton in 1836

* Montville in 1786

o Salem created from Montville, Colchester and Lyme in 1819

* Waterford in 1801

o East Lyme created from Waterford and Lyme in 1839

City/Town : Latitude: 41.34939824429396, Longitude: -72.10537433624268


Birth

Matches 1 to 2 of 2

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID 
1 Appeldorn, Anjenette  1891New London, New London County, Connecticut, USA I754043
2 Phillips, Mary  23 January 1901New London, New London County, Connecticut, USA I192233

Died

Matches 1 to 6 of 6

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Died    Person ID 
1 Geertina B  1930New London, New London County, Connecticut, USA I754036
2 Alexander, Sarah Wallace  04 December 1830New London, New London County, Connecticut, USA I686640
3 Appeldoorn, Teunis  1946New London, New London County, Connecticut, USA I753970
4 Appeldorn, Harmannus Jan  1953New London, New London County, Connecticut, USA I754753
5 Appeldorn,Sr, Harm Hiskias  1948New London, New London County, Connecticut, USA I754750
6 Appledorn,Jr, Herman H  1950New London, New London County, Connecticut, USA I754037

Buried

Matches 1 to 1 of 1

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Buried    Person ID 
1 Appeldorn,Sr, Harm Hiskias  New London, New London County, Connecticut, USA I754750

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