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Susa, Mesopotamia, Iran



 


Notes: Susa (Biblical Hebrew: שושן‎ (Shushan); also Greek: Σουσα, transliterated as Sousa ; Latin Susa) was an ancient city of the Elamite, Persian and Parthian empires of Iran, located about 250 km (150 miles) east of the Tigris River.
The modern town of Shush is located at the site of ancient Susa.
History
Susa is one of the oldest-known settlements of the region and indeed the world, possibly founded about 4200 BCE (See List of oldest continuously inhabited cities); although the first traces of an inhabited village have been dated to ca. 7000 BCE. Evidence of a painted-pottery civilization has been dated to ca. 5000 BCE.
In historic times, Susa was the primary capital of the Elamite Empire. Its name in Elamite was written variously Šušan, Šušun, etc. The city appears in the very earliest Sumerian records, eg. in Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta it is described as one of the places obedient to Inanna, patron deity of Uruk.
Susa is also mentioned in the Ketuvim of the Hebrew Bible, mainly in Esther, but also once each in Nehemiah and Daniel. Both Daniel and Nehemiah lived in Susa during the Babylonian captivity of Judah of the 6th century BCE. Esther became queen there, and saved the Jews from genocide. A tomb presumed to be that of Daniel is located in the area, known as Shush-Daniel. The tomb is marked by an unusual white, stone cone, which is neither regular nor symmetric. Many scholars believe it was at one point a Star of David.
Susa is further mentioned in the Book of Jubilees (8:21 & 9:2) as one of the places within the inheritance of Shem and his eldest son Elam; and in 8:1, "Susan" is also named as the son (or daughter, in some translations) of Elam.
Šušan was incorporated by Sargon the Great into his Akkadian Empire in approximately 2330 BC. It remained capital of an Akkadian province until ca. 2240 BC, when its Elamite governor, Kutik-Inshushinak, rose up in rebellion and liberated it, making…

OpenStreetMap

City/Town : Latitude: 32.192479968984344, Longitude: 48.257789611816406


Birth

Matches 1 to 1 of 1

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID 
1 Of Persia, Kyros the younger  About 423 B.C.Susa, Mesopotamia, Iran I229849

Died

Matches 1 to 1 of 1

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Died    Person ID 
1 Of Syria, Antiochus IV  About December 164 B.C.Susa, Mesopotamia, Iran I249209

Married

Matches 1 to 5 of 5

   Family    Married    Family ID 
1 NN / Of Phrygia  Susa, Mesopotamia, Iran F96779
2 Of Cardia / Of Phrygia  Susa, Mesopotamia, Iran F96782
3 Of Macedonia / Of Persia  Susa, Mesopotamia, Iran F91002
4 Of Macedonia / Of Persia  Susa, Mesopotamia, Iran F100124
5 Of Macedonia / Of Persia  Susa, Mesopotamia, Iran F95819

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