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Sūriyā



 


Notes: Syria (Arabic: سوريا Sūriyā or سورية Sūriyah), officially the Syrian Arab Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية العربية السورية ), is a country in Southwest Asia, bordering Lebanon, the Mediterranean Sea and the island of Cyprus to the west, Israel to the southwest, Jordan to the south, Iraq to the east, and Turkey to the north. The modern state of Syria was formerly a French mandate and attained independence in 1946, but can trace its roots to the fourth millennium BC; its capital city, Damascus, was the seat of the Umayyad Empire and a provincial capital of the Mamluk Empire.
Since 1963 the country has been governed by the Baath Party; the head of state since 1970 has been a member of the Assad family. Syria's current President is Bashar al-Assad, son of Hafez al-Assad, who held office from 1970 until his death in 2000. Since the Six-Day War of 1967, Israel occupied the Golan Heights.
Etymology
The name Syria derives from the ancient Greek name Syrians, Σύροι Syroi, which the Greeks called the Assyrians. It is likely a cognate of Ἀσσυρία, Assyria, ultimately derived from the Akkadian Aššur. There have been alternative proposals, but academic mainstream favours the connection. The question has a certain importance in the Assyrian naming dispute.
Classically, Syria lies at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Arabia to the south and Cilicia to the north, stretching inland to include Mesopotamia, and having an uncertain border to the northeast that Pliny the Elder describes as including, from west to east, Commagene, Sophene, and Adiabene, "formerly known as Assyria". By Pliny's time, however, this larger Syria had been divided into a number of provinces under the Roman Empire (but politically independent from each other): Judaea, later renamed Palaestina in AD 135 (the region corresponding to modern day Palestine and Israel, and Jordan) in the extreme southwest, Phoenicia corresponding to Lebanon,…

OpenStreetMap

Country : Latitude: 35.191766965947394, Longitude: 38.0126953125


Birth

Matches 1 to 9 of 9

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID 
1 NN, Apama  About 292 B.C.Sūriyā I230033
2 Of Egypt, Cleopatra I  About 204 B.C.Sūriyā I229984
3 Of Syria, Antiochus IV  200 B.C.Sūriyā I249209
4 Of Syria, Antiochus V  173 B.C.Sūriyā I249210
5 Of Syria, Laodike IV  215 B.C.Sūriyā I249205
6 Of Syria, Laodike V  192 B.C.Sūriyā I249208
7 Of Syria, Laodike VI  170 B.C.Sūriyā I249211
8 Of Syria, Nysa  About 195 B.C.Sūriyā I249207
9 Of Syria, Stratonice  317 B.C.Sūriyā I187243

Died

Matches 1 to 1 of 1

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Died    Person ID 
1 Of Egypt, Ptolemaios VI  145 B.C.Sūriyā I230052

Married

Matches 1 to 6 of 6

   Family    Married    Family ID 
1 Of Macedonia / Of Syria  Sūriyā F98421
2 Of Pontus / Of Syria  Sūriyā F98420
3 Of Syria / Of Pontus  Sūriyā F74812
4 Of Syria / Of Syria  Sūriyā F98418
5 Of Syria / Of Syria  Sūriyā F98417
6 Of Syria / Of Syria  Sūriyā F98419

Calendar

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