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Pontus



 


Notes: Pontus (Greek: Πόντος) is a region on the southern coast of the Black Sea. Pontos (the main) following the exploration and the colonization of the Anatolian and other Black Sea cities by the Ionian Greeks beginning about the end of the Greek Dark Ages. The name eventually became more specific to the area of northeast Anatolia in late classical times. In modern Greek it can refer to either. Today it is located in Turkey.
Geography
The Black Sea region, loosely called Pontus by various scholars, has a steep, rocky coast with rivers that cascade through the gorges of the coastal ranges. A few larger rivers, those cutting back through the Pontic Mountains (Doğu Karadeniz Dağları), have tributaries that flow in broad, elevated basins. Access inland from the coast is limited to a few narrow valleys because mountain ridges, with elevations of 1,525 to 1,800 m in the west and 3,000 to 4,000 m in the east in Kaçkar Mountains, form an almost unbroken wall separating the coast from the interior. The higher slopes facing southwest tend to be densely wet. Because of these natural conditions, the Black Sea coast historically has been isolated from the Anatolian interior proper.
Early history
Pontus is the most northeasterly district of Asia Minor, along the southern coast of the Euxine, east of the river Halys, having originally no specific name, was spoken of as the country en Pontôi, “on the Pontus” (Euxinus), and hence acquired the name of Pontus, which is first found in Xenophon's Anabasis.
Pontus was a mountainous country--wild and barren in the east, where the great chains approach the Euxine; but in the west watered by the great rivers Halys and Iris, and their tributaries, the valleys of which, p. 130 as well as the land along the coast, are extremely fertile. The eastern part was rich in minerals, and contained the celebrated iron mines of the Chalybes.
The inhabitants of Pontus were called generically Leucosyri…

OpenStreetMap

State/Province : Latitude: 41.20345619205129, Longitude: 36.474609375


Birth

Matches 1 to 12 of 12

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID 
1 Of Pontus, Ariobarzanes King  Before 266 B.C.Pontus I187183
2 Of Pontus, Cleopatra I  110 B.C.Pontus I186946
3 Of Pontus, Laodice  132 B.C.Pontus I186952
4 Of Pontus, Laodice Iii  240 B.C.Pontus I187191
5 Of Pontus, Mithradates I  Before 302 B.C.Pontus I187188
6 Of Pontus, Mithradates Ii King  Before 250 B.C.Pontus I187164
7 Of Pontus, Mithradates Iii King  Before 220 B.C.Pontus I187158
8 Of Pontus, Mithradates Iv King  Before 179 B.C.Pontus I187160
9 Of Pontus, Mithradates V  Before 150 B.C.Pontus I187152
10 Of Pontus, Mithradates Vi  132 B.C.Pontus I186951
11 Of Pontus, Pharnaces I  195 B.C.Pontus I187153
12 Of Syria, Seleucus IV  Before 220 B.C.Pontus I249204

Died

Matches 1 to 3 of 3

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Died    Person ID 
1 Of Pontus, Mithradates V  120 B.C.Pontus I187152
2 Of Pontus, Mithradates Vi  63 B.C.Pontus I186951
3 Of Pontus, Pharnaces I  Before 150 B.C.Pontus I187153

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