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Nantes, Pays de la Loire, France



 


Notes: Nantes (Breton: Naoned; Gallo: Naunnt) is a city in western France, near the Atlantic coast, with 711,120 inhabitants in the metropolitan area at the 1999 census. Nantes is the capital of the Pays de la Loire région, as well as the préfecture of the Loire-Atlantique département. It is also the most important city of historic Brittany, though now a part of the modern Pays de la Loire region.
History
Originally founded as a town by the Celtic tribe named Namneti around 70 BCE, it was conquered by Julius Caesar in 56 BCE and named Portus Namnetus. Christianised in the 3rd century CE, Nantes was successively invaded by the Saxons (around 285), the Franks (around 500), the Britons (in the 6th and 7th centuries) and the Normans (in 843). In 937, Alain Barbe-Torte, grandson of the last king of Brittany who was expelled by Norris, drove them out and founded the duchy of Brittany.
When the duchy of Brittany was annexed by the kingdom of France in 1532, Nantes kept the parliament of Brittany for a few years, before it was moved to Rennes. In 1598, King Henry IV of France signed the Edict of Nantes here, which granted Protestants rights to their religion.
During the 18th century, prior to abolition of slavery, Nantes was the slave trade capital of France. This kind of trade led Nantes to become the first port in France and a wealthy city. When the French Revolution broke out, Nantes chose to be ppart of it, although the whole surrounding region soon degenerated into an open civil war against the new republic. The excesses of the revolution led to thousands of summary executions, mainly by drowning in the Loire river. In the 19th centuryy, Nantes became an industrial city. The first public transport anywhere may have been the omnibus service initiated in Nantes in 1826. It was soon imitated in Paris, London and New York. The first railroads were built in 1851 and many industries were created.
In 1940, the city was occupied by German troops. In 1941, the murder of a German officer, Lt. Col.Fritz Hotz, caused the retaliatory execution of 48 civilians. In 1943, the city was bombed twice by British bombers. Nantes was freed by the Americans in 1944. The harbour was moved to the very mouth of the Loire river, in Saint-Nazaire. It was only in the last 15 years of the 20th century that the city was able to move to a more modern economy.

City/Town : Latitude: 47.216795, Longitude: -1.556727


Birth

Matches 1 to 3 of 3

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID 
1 van Bretagne, Maria  1391Nantes, Pays de La Loire, France I96858
2 Vacquerie, Charles  12 April 1817Nantes, Pays de la Loire, France I688417
3 Waldeck Rousseau, Pierre Marie Rene Ernest  02 December 1846Nantes, Pays de la Loire, France I686526

Baptised

Matches 1 to 1 of 1

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Baptised    Person ID 
1 van Bretagne, Maria  18 February 1391Nantes, Pays de La Loire, France I96858

Died

Matches 1 to 4 of 4

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Died    Person ID 
1 de Bernard de la Barre de Danne, Louis  17 July 1922Nantes, Pays de la Loire, France I553374
2 van Bretagne, Jan V  02 November 1399Nantes, Pays de La Loire, France I96821
3 van Bretagne, Peter Jan  29 August 1442Nantes, Pays de La Loire, France I96805
4 van Foix Grailly, Margarethe  15 May 1486Nantes, Pays de La Loire, France I96825

Married

Matches 1 to 1 of 1

   Family    Married    Family ID 
1 Bretagne / Royaume des Francs  1423Nantes, Pays de La Loire, France F39693

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