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Guilford County, North Carolina, USA



 


Notes: Guilford County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. In 2010, the Census Bureau estimated the county's population to be 491,230. Its seat is Greensboro. Since 1938, an additional county court has been located in High Point, North Carolina, making Guilford one of only a handful of counties nationwide with a dual court system. The county is part of the Piedmont Triad metropolitan area.
History
Beginning in the 1740s, European settlers arrived in the region in search of fertile and affordable land. These first settlers included German Reformed and Lutherans in the east, British Quakers in the south and west, and Scotch-Irish Presbyterians in the center of today's Guilford County. The county was formed in 1771 from parts of Rowan County and Orange County. It was named for Francis North, 1st Earl of Guilford, father of Frederick North, Lord North, British Prime Minister from 1770 to 1782.
Friedens Church, whose name means "peace" in German, is in eastern Guilford County, at 6001 North Carolina Route 12, northwest of Gibsonville. It is a historic church that has operated continuously since the earliest European settlers came to this area. According to a history of the church, Rev. John Ulrich Giesendanner led his Lutheran congregation from Pennsylvania in 1740, into the part of North Carolina around Haw River, Reedy Fork, Eno River, Alamance Creek, Travis Creek, Beaver Creek and Deep River. The first building used by Friedens church was made of logs in 1745 and served for 25 years. The second building, completed about 1771, was much more substantial and remained in use until it was replaced in May, 1871. The third building was destroyed by fire on January 8, 1939. Only the columns in front survived. The structure was rebuilt and reopened in May 1939.
The Quaker meeting played a major role in the European settlement of the county, and numerous Quakers still live in the county. New Garden Friends Meeting, established in 1754, still operates in Greensboro.
Alamance Presbyterian Church, a log structure, was built in 1762, though it was not officially organized until 1764 by the Rev. Henry Patillo, pastor of Hawfields Presbyterian Church. It has operated on the same site in present-day Greensboro since then. According to the church history, it is now using its fifth church building and now has its eighteenth pastor.
On March 15, 1781, the Battle of Guilford Court House was fought just north of present-day Greensboro between Generals Charles Cornwallis and Nathanael Greene during the American Revolution. This battle marked a key turning point in the Revolutionary War in the South. Although General Cornwallis, the British Commander, held the field at the end of the battle, his losses were so severe that he decided to withdraw to the Carolina and Virginia coastline, where he could receive reinforcements and his battered army could be protected by the British Navy. His decision ultimately led to his defeat later in 1781 at Yorktown, Virginia, by a combined force of American and French troops and warships.
In 1779 the southern third of Guilford County became Randolph County. In 1785 the northern half of its remaining territory became Rockingham County.
In 1808, Greensboro replaced the hamlet of Guilford Court House as the county seat.
The county was site of early industrial development. The establishment of the Mt. Hecla Cotton Mill in 1818 marks one of the earliest cotton mills in the state. The re-establishment of the mill as a steam-powered factory is among the earliest examples of the use of steam power in the state.
Many of the county's residents were opposed to slavery before the Civil War. The county was a stop on the famous Underground Railroad, which provided escaped slaves with a route to freedom in the North. Levi Coffin, one of the founders of the "railroad", was a Guilford County native. He is credited with personally helping over 2,000 slaves escape to freedom before the war.
Education has long been a hallmark of the county. Guilford College was founded in 1837 as the New Garden Boarding School, its name changed in 1888 when the academic program expanded considerably. Guilford is the third-oldest coeducational institution in the country and the oldest such institution in the South. Greensboro College, established by the Methodist Church through a charter secured in 1838, is one of the oldest institutions of higher education for women in the United States.
In 1891, the county became home to the state's first and only publicly supported institution of higher learning for women, the State Normal and Industrial School. In 1932, the school became the Women's College of North Carolina when it joined with the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and NC State University in Raleigh to form the Consolidated University of North Carolina. From the 1930s to the 1960s the Women's College was the third-largest women's university in the world. The school's name was changed a final time in 1963 when it began admitting men; it is now known as the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.
In 1911, a new county called Piedmont County was proposed, with High Point as its county seat, to be created from Guilford, Davidson and Randolph Counties. Many people appeared at the courthouse to oppose the plan, vowing to go to the state legislature to protest. The state legislature voted down the plan in February 1911.
In 1960 Guilford County helped spark a major development in the American civil rights movement when four black students from the North Carolina A&T State University in Greensboro started an early civil rights sit-in. Known afterwards as the Greeensboro Four, the four men deliberately sat at a "whites-only" lunch counter at the Woolworth's store in downtown Greensboro and asked to be served. They were arrested, but their action led to many other college students in Greensboro - including white students from Guilford College and the Women's College - to sit at the lunch counter in a show of support. Within two months the sit-in movement spread to 54 cities in 9 states; Woolworth's eventually agreed to desegregate its lunch counters and other restaurants in Southern towns and cities followed suit.
A darker racial incident in 1979 was called the Greensboro massacre. In this incident the predominantly African American Communist Workers Party (CWP) led a march protesting the Ku Klux Klan and other white-supremacist groups through a black neighborhood in southeastern Greensboro. They were attacked and shot at by the Ku Klux Klan and members of the American Nazi Party, several of the Communist Party marchers were killed or wounded in the attack. The case received further national publicity when the accused shooters were found "not guilty" by an all-white jury.
Cities and towns
Greensboro
High Point
Jamestown
Oak Ridge
Pleasant Garden
Sedalia
Stokesdale
Summerfield
Whitsett
Browns Summit
Gibsonville
Part of Archdale and Kernersville are in Guilford County
Census-designated places
Forest Oaks
McLeansville

County/Shire : Latitude: 36.0899873, Longitude: -79.8296743


Birth

Matches 1 to 23 of 23

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Birth    Person ID 
1 Amick, Mary C. Isabel  22 November 1865Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451829
2 Low, Anna Margaret  About 1730Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451833
3 Phipps, Caroline Rebecca  09 January 1828Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451827
4 Starr, Abner  About 1795Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451818
5 Starr, Alice A.  About 1862Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451857
6 Starr, Anna Maria  20 February 1774Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451821
7 Starr, Barbara  About 1799Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451820
8 Starr, Charles Clyde  28 July 1891Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451831
9 Starr, Elizabeth  04 November 1791Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451824
10 Starr, Henry  About 1793Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451814
11 Starr, Johannes Jacob Jr  About 1748Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451812
12 Starr, John Adam Jr  Between 1783 and 1785Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451804
13 Starr, John Barnhart  About 1777Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451816
14 Starr, John Jacob  12 August 1779Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451823
15 Starr, Joshua  15 January 1820Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451826
16 Starr, Maria Catherine  About 1789Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451817
17 Starr, Peter  27 May 1787Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451822
18 Starr, Robert Alexander  05 December 1859Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451828
19 Starr, Saloma  17 April 1807Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451839
20 Starr, Susannah  About 1781Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451815
21 Weitzel, Anna Margaret  August 1758Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451809
22 Weitzel, Catherine  About 1754Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451834
23 Weitzel, Maria  About 1800Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451825

Died

Matches 1 to 12 of 12

   Last Name, Given Name(s)    Died    Person ID 
1 Amick, Mary C. Isabel  27 April 1927Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451829
2 Phipps, Caroline Rebecca  05 August 1904Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451827
3 Starr, Abner  07 November 1826Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451818
4 Starr, Anna Maria  20 February 1774Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451821
5 Starr, Elizabeth  11 April 1829Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451824
6 Starr, Johannes Jacob Kasper  03 May 1819Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451810
7 Starr, John Barnhart  12 August 1779Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451816
8 Starr, John Jacob  12 August 1779Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451823
9 Starr, Joshua  13 April 1862Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451826
10 Starr, Robert Alexander  03 December 1936Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I451828
11 Swaim, Michael  1782Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I679437
12 Swaim, William  1811Guilford County, North Carolina, USA I679439

Married

Matches 1 to 4 of 4

   Family    Married    Family ID 
1 Starr / Amick  18 December 1884Guilford County, North Carolina, USA F176106
2 Starr / Phipps  19 January 1847Guilford County, North Carolina, USA F176105
3 Starr / Weitzel  05 January 1776Guilford County, North Carolina, USA F176098
4 Starr / Weitzel  1818Guilford County, North Carolina, USA F176103

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